Vol. 6, No. 8
~ Page 12 ~
[A previous article by brother West entitled "Does God Exist" appeared in the February 2004 issue of Gospel Gazette Online.]
The universe in which we live needed a Cause to come into existence. We affirm that for the universe to continue to exist it needs a Cause at this very moment. Something is needed to keep our universe and us in existence so that neither it nor we will disappear. Something not only caused the universe to come into existence, but something conserves it in the present time. In Colossians 1:17, Paul spoke to this matter when he said,"And He is before all things, and in Him all things consist." The universe needs both an originating Cause and a conserving Cause, and this is the reason there is something rather than nothing. Let us look at it in this way.
Finite (limited) and changing things exist. For example, just look at yourself. You have to exist in order to deny that you exist, so either way you must really exist. Furthermore, in the existence that you experience both yourself and the things around you constantly change. As Henry Lite, in his famous song put it, "Change and decay in all around I see..." Once we were children, then we became parents, then our children became parents, and we were grandparents, etc. We, like the universe in which we live, are limited and changing.
Every finite (limited) and changing thing must be caused by something else. If a thing is limited and if it changes, then it cannot be a thing that exists independently, for if it existed independently, or necessarily, then it would have to exist without change of any kind. Every thing we know changes. There is nothing in this universe that does not change, no matter how imperceptible that change might be to man. Whether we observe it or not, it changes. If we can find one thing in all our universe that does not change, we would have to agree that thing is God.
But going further, we need to point out that there cannot be an infinite regress of causes. In other words, you cannot go on explaining how this finite thing was caused by that finite thing, which was caused by another finite thing forever. For that only puts off explanation indefinitely, which is no explanation at all. Beside that, if we are talking about why finite things exist right now, then no matter how many finite causes you line up, eventually you will have one thing that would be both cause and effect at the same time, and that would be nonsense. No infinite regression can explain why I exist right now. Therefore, there must be a first Uncaused Cause of every finite thing that exists and changes in the universe.
Suppose a person were to begin researching just one of his ancestors, say his grandfather. He would find a great-grandfather, a great-great-grandfather, and so on and on. But eventually, he would have to trace his ancestry through that grandfather to the first person on earth. When he arrived at the first person on earth, he would then have to ask, "Where did he come from?" There would have to be either another ancestor or a Creator. Beyond the first person there would have to be an Uncaused Cause or a Creator if there is no other ancestor to be found. That Uncaused Cause is God.
Furthermore, since both our universe and we are in existence at this time, there must be an Uncaused Conserver, or we would not exist at all. Of this Uncaused Cause/Conserver Paul said, "For by Him all things were created that are in heaven and that are on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or dominions or principalities or powers. All things were created through Him and for Him. And He is before all things, and in Him all things consist" (Colossians 1:16-17 NKJV). So, we have, so far as creation is concerned the Originating Cause and the Continuing Cause.